This is a Japanese lacquered sewing box called Haribako designed using the famous Japanese craft known as Kamakura Bori dated late 1900's.
Kamakura Bori is a wood carving and lacquer technique developed in the Kamakura area within Kanagawa prefecture. It is made by carving patterns in wood, then lacquering it with layers of red and black colors after which it is polished to a beautiful sheen.
It is good for storing small work items of your accessories.
9 1/4"W x 5 1/2"D x 7 3/4"H