This is an antique Japanese merchant chest called Choba Tansu from Middle Meiji period ( 1880's - 1890's), originated in Mikuni region. It was constructed out of Cypress (Hinoki) and Cryptomeria (Suginoki) woods.
Merchant chests were displayed with pride by the owner of a shop to give customers the impression of success and longevity of the business establishment. It was almost always situated in a prominent location of the store to catch the view of the client.
34"W x 15 1/2"D x 48"H